The oil road
December 2001 – April 2002
The John Garang (SPLA) and Riek Machar (SPDF) factions ambushed several large government military convoys. The government launched a counter-offensive to drive civilians from the oil road. It also deployed Baggara militia for the first time south of the Bahr El Ghazal (Nam in Nuer) River.
Perpetrator: The John Garang (SPLA) and Riek Machar (SPDF) factions
Reference: HRW 2003: 42, 274-5, 318; The WFP/OLS report attributed the displacement in the 2001-March 2002 period to the “Government of Sudan forces and militias offensives on the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army/Movement (SPLM/A) and the Sudan Peoples Defence Forces/Movement (SPDF/M) rebel areas and fighting among the rebel factions themselves”, WFP/OLS, “IDPs Southern Sudan Briefing,” March 2002, pp 1-2)