The European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) was established in 2001, following a call from Sudanese churches and civil society to end the oil war. From 2001 to 2012, over 50 European organisations united their research and advocacy for peaceful and socially responsible development of Sudan’s oil industry through ECOS.
ECOS published the report Unpaid Debt – The Legacy of Lundin, Petronas and OMV, in Block 5A, Sudan 1997-2003 in June 2010. After Sudan and South Sudan separated in 2011, ECOS ceased to function. PAX, the Dutch peace movement that was the executive agency for ECOS, has since continued to work for the right to remedy and reparation of the people who were harmed during the oil war in Sudan/South Sudan.