Who is Who

Lundin Energy/Orrön Energy

Lundin Energy has previously gone under the names Lundin Petroleum and Lundin Oil.

In July, Lundin Energy changed their name to Orrön Energy.

In December 2021, Norwegian oil and gas company Aker BP agreed to acquire Lundin Energy’s oil and gas business. The Merger was completed in June 2022.

The Suspects   

  • Ian H. Lundin, Chairman of the Board of directors and major shareholder in Lundin Energy  
  • Alex Schneiter, Director of Lundin Energy. Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since 2001 and Chief Executive Officer between 2015 and 2021  

The Prosecution   

  • Henrik Attorps, Prosecutor   
  • Magnus Elving, Former Prosecutor, retired since 2021  
  • Christer Peterson, Prosecutor  

The Defense  Teams

Lundin Energy 

  • Christoffer Monell, Mannheimer Swartling 
  • Tomas Nilsson, Sju Advokater 
  • Björn Riese, Jurie 

Ian H. Lundin 

  • Kristoffer Ribbing, A1 Advokater 
  • Thomas Tendorf, idem 
  • Torgny Wetterberg, idem 

Alex Schneiter

Legal experts for the  defence  teams

  • Ove Bring, Professor emeritus  of international law at Stockholm University 
  • Steven Kay  QC9 Bedford Row, QC, main author of A report on the Lundin case 
  • William Schabas – Professor of international law at Middlesex University and professor of international human law and human rights at Leiden University. Author of expert opinions for the defense on universal jurisdiction and on article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights 
  • Suzanne Wennberg, Professor emeritus of criminal law, Stockholm University  
  • Per Ole  Träskman, Professor of criminal law, Lund University  
  • Wiweka  Warnling  Conradson, Professor of public law at Stockholm University  
  • Michael Bogdan, Professor Emeritus of comparative and private international law, Lund University  
  • Gustav Lindkvist, legal consultant administrative law 
  • Lars Heuman, Professor emeritus of procedural law at Stockholm University
  • Dr. Guénaël Mettraux, Professor of Law at the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and a guest lecturer at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). 
  • Eric Bylander, Professor of Procedural Law at Uppsala University

Counsels for plaintiffs

There are 32 plaintiffs in the case but all are under secrecy. All have legal representation and these are the lawyers that represent them:

Other oil corporations with links to the oil war

  • Chevron: In the late 1970s, the American oil company Chevron explored the area in Unity State that later became Block 5A and discovered high potential geological structures west of the White Nile. In 1978, Chevron drilled a dry well at Baang, about 50 kilometres west of the White Nile and an equal distance south of Bentiu. The company shut down all operations shortly after the murder of three Chevron expatriate staff in February 1984. In 1990 they gave up the concession due to the civil war and the radical Islam governing Sudan’s government.  
  • International Petroleum Corporation (IPC), Lundin Oil and finally Lundin Petroleum: In February 1997 IPC signed a contract with the Sudanese Government to exploit Block 5A in rebel held territory. The company was controlled by Adolf Lundin, the father of the suspect Ian H Lundin. It was renamed Lundin Oil later in 1997 and again Lundin Petroleum 2001. In 2003 Lundin sold the concession in Block 5A, Sudan to Petronas with a net profit of SEK 930 million that was very successfully invested in Norway. In 2020 the company changed its name to Lundin Energy.    
  • Petronas, OMV, Sudapet: In 1997, Lundin Energy formed a consortium with Petronas Carigali Overseas Sdn Bhd (Petronas) from Malaysia, OMV Exploration GmbH (OMV) from Austria, and the Sudanese state-owned oil company Sudapet. The charges concern acts by the suspects on behalf of the consortium.    
  • Talisman Energy Inc (Talisman):  A Canadian oil and gas company from Calgary, Alberta. In 1998, Talisman acquired a 25% stake in the consortium that exploited a large area north of Block 5A. In 2001 the Presbyterian Church of Sudan filed a lawsuit against the Canadian oil and gas producer, Talisman Energy, under the US Alien Tort Claims Act. In the suit, it was claimed that Talisman aided the Government of Sudan in the commission of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Public outrage and staff and investors’ dissatisfaction with the company’s role in Sudan led to the sale of this asset in 2003. The legal case was thrown out in 2005 as the Court held that the claimants had failed to establish that Talisman “acted with the purpose to support the Government’s offences”, a requirement that is contested among lawyers. 

Governmental agencies, independent institutions, human rights organisations, and experts  

  • Gáspár Bíró: UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Sudan from 1993 to 1999. He died in 2014.   
  • Leonardo Franco: UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Sudan from 1999 to 2000.  
  • Gerhart Baum: UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Sudan from 2001 to 2003.    
  • Amnesty International: In 2000 Amnesty International published the report  Sudan: The Human Price of Oil.   
  • Christian Aid: In 2001 Christian aid published the report The scorched earth. Oil and war in Sudan. 
  • Human Rights Watch (HRW): In 2003, HRW published the report Sudan, Oil and Human Rights.   
  • European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS): In 2010, ECOS published the report Unpaid Debt that was written by PAX. 
  • The Civilian Protection Monitoring Team (CPMT): The CPMT was mandated to monitor the implementation of the 31 March 2002 Agreement Between the Government of Sudan and the SPLM to Protect Non-Combatant Civilians and Civil Facilities from Military Attack.   

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