September 15, 1997
Armed clashes in Rupnyagai, between Cmdr. Paulino Matiep (government militia) and Tito Biel after Paulino Matiep had arrested four military officers in Bentiu. According to sources the conflict erupted after Riek Machar and his commanders found out that Paulino Matiep was receiving direct support from Khartoum in breach of the agreement. Rupnyagai was burnt down this month due to fighting.
Perpetrator: Paulino Matiep (government preferred militia) and Riek Machar forces
Reference: HRW 2003: 84, footnote 84; 551