Much of the population of Ler has been driven out by direct military attack. Villages leading into Ler from the North are totally depopulated due to direct military action by GoS and GoS-allied forces. Civilians along the Bentiu-Adok road continue to suffer attacks, regular lootings, abductions and gang rape.
Perpetrator: GoS and GoS-allied forces
Reference: Civil Protection and Monitoring Team, January 2003; Unpaid Debt, p 76; CPMT, “CPMT Report to IGAD: Military events in Leer, January 26-30, 2003”, Khartoum, February 2, 2003, p. 4