Late December 2002 – January 2003
Government dry season offensive in Block 5A. Indiscriminate attacks on civilians. Abduction of women and children, gang rapes, ground assaults supported by helicopter gunships, destruction of humanitarian relief sites, and burning of villages.
Reference: HRW 2003: 565; International Crisis Group AFRICA Briefing Nairobi/Brussels, 10 February 2003, accessed at https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/horn-africa/sudan/sudans-oilfields-burn-again-brinkmanship-endangers-peace-process on 6-10-2021